Thor Heyerdahl’S 100TH BIRTHDAY WITH GOOGLE DOODLE FOR Thor Heyerdahl


Thor Heyerdahl’S 100TH BIRTHDAY WITH GOOGLE DOODLE FOR Thor Heyerdahl

Thor Heyerdahl; October 6, 1914 – April 18, 2002) was a Norwegian ethnographer and adventurer having a background in zoology, botany, and landscape. He became notable for his Kon-Tiki expedition in 1947, in which he sailed 8,000 km (5,000 mi) across the Pacific Ocean in a hand-built raft from South America to the Tuamotu Islands. The trip was designed to show that old people could have created long sea voyages, generating connections between distinct cultures. This was linked to a diffusionist type of cultural development. Heyerdahl eventually made other voyages built to show the chance of contact between separated ancient people. He was employed a government student in 1984.

In May 2011, the Thor Heyerdahl Archives were added to UNESCO’s “Storage of the World” Register.[1] during the time, this list included 238 selections from all around the world.[2] The Heyerdahl Records span the years 1937 to 2002 and can include his photographic collection, journals, personal letters, adventure plans, articles, newspaper clippings, unique book, and article manuscripts. The Heyerdahl Records are administered by the Kon Tiki Museum along with Norway’s National Library in Oslo.



Author, Educational, Archaeologist, Explorer (1914–2002)

Thor Heyerdahl

Academic, author, Archaeologist, Explorer

Birth Date
October 6, 1914

Death Date
April 18, 2002

Oslo University

Location of Birth
Larvik, Norway

Location of Death
Colla Micheri, Italy

Voyage of Kon Tiki
Later Trips
Final Years
Norwegian adventurer Thor Heyerdahl made a famed trip aboard a host called Kon-Tiki in 1947, and later published a worldwide best seller about his incredible adventure.
“We appear to believe that the ocean is unlimited, but we use it just like a sewer.”
—Thor Heyerdahl

Created in 1914, Thor Heyerdahl grew up in Norway. He visited Oslo University, where he studied zoology. In 1936, Heyerdahl visited survive the Pacific island of Fatu Hiva. He made his world-famous trip to French Polynesia aboard the Kon-Tiki in 1947 from Peru. His book about this experience became a global hit. In 1953, Heyerdahl led an archaeological expedition for the Galapagos Islands. Two years later, he moved to Easter Island. In his later years, Heyerdahl excavated pyramids in the Canary Islands as well as Peru. He died in 2002.

Delivered in Larvik, Norway, on October 6, 1914, Thor Heyerdahl was archaeologist and a vital adventurer. He was spring water plant leader and a brewery’s only child plus a museum director. Based on the Los Angeles Times, Heyerdahl rebelled against his overprotective parents. He sought out “on treks with a Greenland dog, braving storms and sleeping within the ideal simply to prove that I can do things.”

Heyerdahl’s fascination with research may have been grown by his mother during his early years. “My mother brought me up on Darwin and evolution as opposed to Norwegian fairy tales,” he once defined, according to the Washington Post. He later studied zoology at Oslo University. In 1936, Heyerdahl visited to the area of Fatu Hiva, area of the Marquesan archipelago, in the Pacific. He was combined with his first wife, as well as the pair spent per year living off the property and understanding the local plants and animals. Although there, he started more enthusiastic about social anthropology than zoology.

He offered after the conflict to social anthropology, wanting to confirm that folks of Polynesia had ancestral connections to the ancient Peruvians. This idea went against all current scientific thought during the time, which held the islands were used by folks from South Asia.

Heyerdahl enlisted five friends to participate him on a fantastic journey, to demonstrate his idea. He developed Kon-Tiki, an about 40-foot log raft out of balsa wood, just like those found in ancient times. On April 28, 1947, Heyerdahl and his team departed Callao, Peru. During their risky expedition, Heyerdahl and his staff faced sharks, rough waters and also curious whales while protecting about 4,300 miles.

Heyerdahl, a skilled storyteller wrote about his experiences in the bestselling book Kon-Tiki. The work was a global attack and was translated into 65 languages. A documentary concerning the voyage also won an Academy Award in 1951. While hugely favored by people, Heyerdahl found herself in the medical community for his journey under fire. It was widely believed that Heyerdahl’s marine journey did little to confirm his statements about the ethnic ancestry of Polynesia.
In 1953, Heyerdahl led an archaeological expedition towards the Galapagos Islands. There, he found pottery that connected Peruvian Indian cultures and early Ecuadorian and the islands. This trip turned the basis for your 1958 book The Secret of Easter Island.

Returning to the ocean, Heyerdahl attempted to prove that the ancient Egyptians may have sailed towards the Americas. He designed the ship Ra—named after the Egyptian sun god—out of papyrus reed for his first attempt in 1969. While that work failed, he was able to ensure it is from Morocco the next year to the Bahamas in Ra II.

In the late 1980s, Heyerdahl aimed his focus about the Tucume pyramid complex. He again handled chart excavation inside the 1990s around the Spanish island of Tenerife, in the Canary Islands. The step pyramids he found now constitute the Chacona Pyramid Ethnological Park there.

Among Heyerdahl’s remaining projects explored the concept the Norse god Odin was, in reality, a real ruler. He backed an attempt to discover data to guide his theory through historical research in southern Russia, and eventually released The search for Odin (2001).

Heyerdahl underwent surgery for cancer within his treatment, that same year. The function did not end the spread of the illness. From the following March, he was within the hospital and battling brain cancer. Heyerdahl died on April 18, 2002, at his home in Colla Micheri, Italy. He was 87 years old.

Heyerdahl was considered a respected figure in his native Norway, though he never received awards from his medical friends.


Explorer and Norwegian ethnographer was born on 6 October in 1914

Google has applied its latest animated home page doodle to enjoy the life of Norwegian ethnographer explorer Thor Heyerdahl, best known for leading the Kon Tiki expedition of 1947, who had been created with this day in 1914.

The purpose of the quest was traveling on the host constructed using technology and products that will have already been open to pre-Colombian Americans, i.e. those living about the nation before the appearance of Europeans, headed by Christopher Columbus, in 1492.

People found it hard to believe that such distances may be covered using such standard vessels.

Google Doodles

The doodle also demonstrates among the enormous sculptures found on Rapa Nui a moai, or Easter Island, which Heyerdahl visited on an archaeological expedition from 1955-6. He was keen to prove that the island were settled from the east as opposed to the west. Heyerdahl’s theories have mostly not been backed up by DNA testing.

He struggled throughout the Next World War using the Free Norwegian Causes, following the Nazi occupation of the nation. He died in 2002, and married three times.

Heyerdahl’s trips made him among the most famous anthropologists on the planet, producing numerous publications that became massive-retailers, and creating a 1951 documentary film about the Kon Tiki expedition, which went on gain an Academy Award. The story was adapted again in to a feature film in Norway in 2012, that was the nation’s priciest and greatest-grossing film.
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Youth and personal life

Heyerdahl was created in Larvik, Norway, the daughter of master brewer Thor Heyerdahl and his wife, Alison Lyng. Being a youngster, Heyerdahl showed a powerful interest in zoology. He developed a small gallery in his childhood home, using a common adder (Vipera berus) while the main attraction. He studied zoology and location in the faculty of natural science at the University of Oslo.[3] in The same period, he privately studied Polynesian culture and record, visiting what was then a world’s largest private number of books and papers on Polynesia, owned by Bjarne Kropelien, a prosperous wine merchant in Oslo. (This series was later obtained by the University of Oslo Selection from Kropelien’s beneficiaries and was attached with the Kon Tiki Museum research team.) After seven conditions and consultations with authorities in Berlin, Heyerdahl’s zoology professors, Hjalmar Broch and Kristine Bonnevie developed and paid a task. He was to go to some remote Pacific island groups and study how a local creatures had found their way there.

Just before sailing together to the Marquesas Islands in 1936, Heyerdahl committed his first wife, Liv Coucheron-Torp (1916–1969), whom he had achieved shortly before registering in the college, and who’d studied economics there. The pair had two daughters; Bjørn and Thor Jr. The marriage ended in divorce.

From 1944 he served with all the Free Norwegian Forces after the Profession of Norway by Nazi Germany, within the far north domain of Finnmark.[4][5]

They had three children: Marian, Annette and Helene Elisabeth. They were divorced in 1969. Heyerdahl charged his being for their separation away from home and variations in their ideas for bringing up children. In his autobiography, he concluded that he must get the whole responsibility because of their separation.[6]

Before he died., he still was wishing to try an archaeological project in Samoa [7]

The Norwegian government gave him a situation funeral in Oslo Cathedral on April 26, 2002. He’s buried within the garden of the family residence in Colla Micheri.[8] Fatu Hiva

The events surrounding his stay on the Marquesas, a lot of the time on Fatu Hiva, were informed first in his book På Jakt etter Paradiset (search for Heaven) (1938), which was posted in Norway but, following a outbreak of World War II, never interpreted and largely ignored. A long time later, having achieved notability with other adventures and publications on other subjects, Heyerdahl published a new account of the journey under the name Fatu Hiva (London: Allen & Unwin, 1974). The story of his time on Fatu Hiva and his side trip to Hivaoa and Mohotani can be linked in Green Was the Earth to the Seventh Day (Random House, 1996).
Kon-Tiki expedition
Main article: Kon-Tiki

In 1947, Heyerdahl and five other adventurers sailed from Peru towards the Tuamotus, French Polynesia, in a pae-pae host they made out of balsa wood and other indigenous materials, and christened the Kon-Tiki. The Kon Tiki expedition was inspired by old studies and images made by the Spanish Conquistadors of Inca rafts, and by local legends and archaeological evidence indicating contact between Polynesia and South America. Heyerdahl, who’d almost drowned at the least in childhood and didn’t get easily to water, explained that there were instances in each of his number voyages when he feared for his life.[10]

Kon-Tiki confirmed that it had been easy for a primitive raft to travel the Pacific with relative ease and safety, particularly towards the west (with all the trade winds). The host became extremely maneuverable, and fish congregated between your seven balsa logs such quantities that ancient sailors may have perhaps observed on fish for hydration inside the lack of other sources of fresh water. Inspired by Kon-Tiki, other rafts have repeated the travel. Heyerdahl’s book concerning the expedition, The Kon-Tiki Expedition: By Raft Throughout The South Seas, has been translated into 70 languages.[11] the expedition’s documentary film , itself called Kon-Tiki, gained an Academy Award in 1951. A dramatised version was launched in 2012, also called Kon-Tiki, and was selected for the Best Language Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards[12] plus a Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film in the 70th Golden Globe Awards.[13] It is the first time a Norwegian film has been nominated for both an Oscar plus a Glowing Globe.[14]

Anthropologists continue to think, according to linguistic, physical, and genetic data, from west to east, migration having started from the Asian mainland that Polynesia was resolved. There are questionable signals, though, of some sort of South American/Polynesian contact, such as in the fact that the South American sweet potato is served as being a dietary staple throughout much of Polynesia. Blood samples taken in 1971 and 2008 from Easter Islanders without any European or other outside descent were analysed in an 2011 study, which figured the data supported some aspects of Heyerdahl’s hypothesis.[15][16][17] However, this result has been asked because of the chance for disease by South Americans after European experience of the islands. [18] Heyerdahl attempted to counter the linguistic discussion with the analogy that, guessing the foundation of African Americans, he’d prefer to think that they originated from Africa, judging from their skin color, and never from England, judging from their presentation.
Heyerdahl believed that in Incan legend there was a sun god named Con-Tici Viracocha who was the great head of the legendary fair skinned people in Peru. The original name for Viracocha was Kon- Tiki or Illa -Tiki, which suggests Sunshine- Flame or Tiki -Tiki. Kon-Tiki was high priest and sun -king of those popular “white males” who left huge ruins about the shores of Lake Titicaca. The tale continues with all the strange bearded white guys being attacked by a key named Cari who came from the Coquimbo Area. They had a struggle on an area in Lake Titicaca, along with the fair race was massacred. However, Kon Tiki and his closest friends was able to escape and later appeared about the Pacific coast. The tale ends with Kon Tiki and his partners disappearing out to sea.

Heyerdahl asserted once the Spaniards came to Peru, the Incas told them that the enormous monuments that stood abandoned about the landscape were constructed by a battle of white gods who had lived there prior to the Incas themselves became rulers. The Incas identified these “white gods” as smart, peaceful coaches who’d originally come from the north within the “morning of time” and taught the Incas’ primitive forefathers architecture along with ways and methods. These were unlike other Native Americans because they’d ” long beards and white cases ” and were older than the Incas. The Incas stated that the “bright gods” had subsequently left as abruptly while they had come and fled across the Pacific. The Incas themselves took over power in the united states once they had left.

Heyerdahl said that when the Europeans first came to the Pacific islands, they were stunned they found some of the natives to own beards and relatively mild skins. There were complete families that had hair different in-color from reddish to crazy, light skin. In contrast, a lot of the Polynesians had wonderful-brown skin, raven-dark hair, and relatively flat noses. Heyerdahl stated that after Jakob Roggeveen found Easter Island in 1722, he apparently pointed out that lots of the locals were white-skinned. Heyerdahl claimed these people could count their ancestors who were “white-skinned” right-back to the moment of Tiki and Hotu Matua, once they first came sailing throughout the ocean “from a mountainous territory within the east that has been scorched by the sun.” The ethnographic research for these states is discussed in Heyerdahl’s book Aku Aku: Easter Island’s Key.

They apparently sailed for the Polynesian islands on pae from Peru – paes—large rafts constructed from balsa logs, filled with sails and each with a little cottage. They created the Marquesas, great stone sculptures carved inside the image of human beings on Pitcairn, and Easter Island that resembled those in Peru. Additionally they created large pyramids with measures like those in Peru on Samoa and Tahiti. But throughout Polynesia, Heyerdahl found indications that Tiki’s peaceable race hadn’t been able to put up the countries alone for long. He found evidence that suggested that seagoing war canoes as significant as Viking vessels and lashed together two and two had added Stone Age Northwest American Indians to Polynesia around 1100 AD, plus they mingled with the people of Tiki. The common history of the people of Easter Island, at least as it was recorded by Heyerdahl, is wholly consistent with this concept, as will be the archaeological record he analyzed (Heyerdahl 1958). Particularly, Heyerdahl purchased a radiocarbon date of 400 AD to get a charcoal fire positioned in the opening which was held from the folks of Easter Island to have been used as an “stove” by the “Long Ears,” which Heyerdahl’s Rapa Nui resources, saying oral tradition, identified as a white race which had dominated the area before (Heyerdahl 1958).

Heyerdahl argued in his book American Indians in the Pacific via an alternate route, although the current inhabitants of Polynesia moved from an Asian resource. He proposes that Polynesians gone with the wind along the North Pacific current. These migrants then appeared in British Columbia. Heyerdahl called descendants of these migrants, contemporary tribes of British Columbia, including Haida and the Tlingit. Heyerdahl stated that social and physical similarities existed between these British Columbian tribes, Polynesians, and the Oldworld resource. Heyerdahl’s claims aside, however, there’s no evidence that the Tlingit, Haida or other British Columbian tribes have an affinity with Polynesians.

Heyerdahl’s idea of Polynesian roots haven’t gained acceptance among anthropologists.[19][20][21] Real and national evidence had long advised that Polynesia was completed from west to east, migration having started from your Asian mainland, not South America. In the late 1990s, genetic testing found that the Polynesians’ mitochondrial DNA is more just like individuals from southeast Asia than to folks from South America, showing that their ancestors probably came from Asia.[22]

A new study by Norwegian researcher Erik Thorsby suggests that there’s some value to Heyerdahl’s tips which while Polynesia was colonized from Asia, some experience of South America also existed.[23][24] Some critics suggest, however, that Thorsby’s research is pending since his data may have been inspired by new population contact.[25]

Anthropologist Robert Carl Suggs involved a section called “The Kon-Tiki Myth” in his book on Polynesia, deciding that “The Kon-Tiki theory is about as possible since the stories of Atlantis, Mu, and ‘Children of Sunlight.’ Like most such theories it creates fascinating light reading, but for example of scientific process it fares quite poorly.”[26]

Anthropologist and National Geographic Explorer-in-Property Wade Davis criticised Heyerdahl’s idea in his book The Wayfinders, which considers the annals of Polynesia. Davis says that Heyerdahl “dismissed the overwhelming body of linguistic, ethnographic, and ethnobotanical evidence, enhanced today by archaeological and genetic data, indicating he was patently wrong. “[27] Journey to Rapa Nui (Easter Island)

The scientific team of the trip included Edwin Ferdon, Carlyle Smith, Arne Skjølsvold, Gonzalo Figueroa[28] and William Mulloy. Heyerdahl and the professional archaeologists who moved with him used several months on Rapa Nui investigating many important archaeological sites. Highlights of the project include studies in the carving, transfer and erection of the notable moai, in addition to excavations at such notable websites as Poike and Orongo. The journey released two large quantities of medical studies (Studies of the Norwegian Archaeological Expedition to Easter Island along with the East Pacific) and Heyerdahl later included a third (The Art of Easter Island). Heyerdahl’s popular book on the subject, Aku-Aku was another international best-seller.

In Easter Island: The Mystery Solved (Random House, 1989), Heyerdahl provided a far more detailed concept of the island’s history. Centered on local account and archaeological study, he claimed the area was originally colonized by Hanau eepe (“Long Ears”), from South America, and that Polynesians Hanau momoko (“Short Ears”) came just inside the mid-16th century; they may have come independently or simply were imported as individuals. In accordance with Heyerdahl, anything happened between Admiral Roggeveen’s development of the island in 1722 and James Cook’s visit in 1774; while Roggeveen experienced white, Indian, and Polynesian people residing in comparative harmony and success, Cook experienced a much smaller population consisting mainly of Polynesians and living in privation.

Heyerdahl notes the oral history of an uprising of “Short Ears” against the ruling “Long Ears.” The “Long Ears” packed it with kindling and made a defensive moat to the eastern end of the area. Throughout the rebellion, Heyerdahl believed, the “Long Ears” ignited their moat and retreated behind it, however the “Short Ears” identified a means around it, came up from behind, and pressed all but two of the “Long Ears” to the fire. the Norwegian adventure identified this moat plus it was partly cut down into the rock. Sheets of fire was revealed but no pieces of bodies. When it comes to beginning of the people of Easter Island today (2013) DNA-tests have shown a total contract with folks from the Pacific and no connection to South America. If the story that every one (almost) long-ears were killed in a civil war, this is what to be anticipated if their blood line was completely destroyed. Recent (2006?) exam has shown traces to South America from some proteins, but whether this can be learned from a person coming in later times is hard to know.
Boats Ra and Ra II
Ra II within the Kon-Tiki Museum

In 1969 and 1970, Heyerdahl built two ships from papyrus and experimented with cross over the Atlantic Ocean from Morocco in Africa. Based on pictures and types from ancient Egypt, the initial vessel, named Ra (following the Egyptian Sun god), was constructed by boat builders from Lake Chad using papyrus reed obtained from Lake Tana in Ethiopia and introduced in to the Atlantic Ocean from the coast of Morocco. The Ra crew included Thor Heyerdahl (Norway), Norman Baker (USA), Carlo Mauri (Italy), Yuri Senkevich (USSR), Santiago Genoves (Mexico), Georges Sourial (Egypt) and Abdullah Djibrine (Chad). Just Heyerdahl and Baker experienced navigation and sailing activities. After its team made modifications to the vessel that caused it to drop and split apart after going more than 4000 miles following a number of days, Ra required on water. a yacht was compelled to reject Ra some hundred miles before Caribbean countries and saved the team.

The next year, 1970, another similar vessel, Ra II, was created from Lake Titicaca in Bolivia by Jose, Juan and Demetrio Limachi of totora and likewise set sail throughout the Atlantic from Morocco, now with great success. The team was mostly the exact same; only Kei Ohara from Japan and Madani Ait Ouhanni from Morocco had replaced Djibrine. The boat reached Barbados, thus demonstrating that mariners may have managed transatlantic expeditions by sailing using the Canary Current.[29]

The book The Ra Expeditions along with the video documentary Ra (1972) were made about the trips. In addition to the key facets of the journey, Heyerdahl intentionally selected a crew representing a fantastic variety in battle, nationality, religion and political viewpoint in order to show that at the least on their own small flying island, people live and can cooperate . Furthermore, the adventure took types of marine pollution and offered their report towards the United Nations.[30] Tigris
Type of Güímar, Tenerife in the Pyramids of the Tigris.

Heyerdahl built yet another reed boat, Tigris, that has been designed to show that industry and migration could have linked Mesopotamia using the Indus Valley Civilization in what’s now Pakistan. Tigris was built in Iraq and sailed to Pakistan through the Persian Gulf with its international team and built its way to the Red Sea. After about five months at sea but still remaining seaworthy, the Tigris was deliberately burnt on April 3, 1978, as a demonstration against the wars raging on every side in Debt Sea and Horn of Africa, in Djibouti. In his Open Letter for the UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim, he described his reasons:[31]

Today we burn our happy ship… to protest against inhuman elements on earth of 1978… Now we’re required to prevent in the access to the Red Sea. Surrounded by military airplanes and warships from your world’s most civil and developed nations, friendly governments have denied us permission, for causes of stability, to land everywhere, in the tiny, but still neutral, Republic of Djibouti. Elsewhere around us, neighbors and siblings are engaged in murder with means made available to them by people who lead humanity on our combined street into the third millennium.

For the simple people in all industrialized nations, we direct our appeal. We must awaken to the insane reality of our time… We are all not responsible, until we demand from the responsible decision makers that modern armaments should no further be made available to individuals whose former battle axes and swords our ancestors bound.
Our planet is larger than the reed programs which have moved us throughout the seas, but small enough to perform the same dangers except those people still living open our eyes and minds for the desperate need of smart relationship to save ourselves and our common world from what we are planning to transform into a sinking ship.

Within the years that used, Heyerdahl was usually outspoken on issues of international peace and the surroundings.
“The look for Odin” in Azerbaijan and Russia

Heyerdahl made four visits to Azerbaijan in 1981,[32] 1994, 1999 and 2000.[33] Heyerdahl had always been captivated by the rock carvings that time back to about 8th-7th millennia BCE at Gobustan (about thirty miles west of Baku). He was sure that their creative design closely resembles the designs within his native Norway. Heyerdahl as related, specifically, deemed the ship types and pulled with a basic sickle–shaped collections, representing the bottom of the vessel, with straight lines on-deck, demonstrating staff or, perhaps, raised oars.

Based on other printed documentation along with this, Heyerdahl suggested that Azerbaijan was a historical advanced civilization’s site. He thought people migrated north through pathways to provide-day Scandinavia using admirably built vessels made from themes that may be folded like cloth. When upstream traveled, their skin boats quickly folded and carried them via pack animals.

On Heyerdahl’s trip to Baku in 1999, he lectured concerning the background of ancient Nordic Kings at the Academy of Sciences. He spoke of a notation made by Snorri Sturluson, a 13th-century historian-mythographer in Ynglinga Saga which relates that “Odin (a Scandinavian god who had been among the leaders) stumbled on the North along with his people from a place called Aser.”[34] (see also Property of Ynglings and Mythological kings of Sweden). Heyerdahl approved Snorri’s history as literal truth, and thought that a chieftain led his people in a migration from the east, westward and northward through Saxony, to Fyn in Denmark, and eventually settling in Sweden. Heyerdahl said that the mythic Aser or Æsir’s geographical area matched the region of modern Azerbaijan – “east of the Caucasus mountains along with the Black Sea”. “We are no longer speaking about mythology,” Heyerdahl said, “but of the realities of history and geography. Azerbaijanis must be happy with their ancient culture. It’s historical and equally as wealthy as that of China and Mesopotamia.”

Among the last jobs of his life, Jakten på Odin, ‘The look for Odin’, was a quick version of his Odin theory, in furtherance that he started 2001–2002 excavations in Azov, Russia, close to the Ocean of Azov in the northeast of the Black Sea.[35] He sought out the remains of a civilization to complement the account of Odin in Snorri Sturlusson, quite a bit north of his original target of Azerbaijan about the Caspian Sea just two years earlier. This project generated severe criticism and suggestions of pseudo-science from archaeologists historians and linguists in Norway, who charged Heyerdahl of selective use of resources, plus a fundamental lack of scientific system in his work.[36][37]

Their central states were based on characteristics of titles in Norse mythology and geographical names within the Black Sea region, e.g. Azov and Æsir, Udi and Odin, Tyr and Turkey. Historians and philologists deny these parallels as simple coincidences, and also anachronisms, for instance the city of Azov didn’t have that name till over 1000 years after Heyerdahl boasts the Æsir dwelt there. The debate surrounding the seek out Odin project was in many ways typical of the partnership between Heyerdahl along with the academic community. Their theories seldom gained any clinical endorsement, although all scientific criticism was denied by Heyerdahl himself and focused on writing his practices in popular books aimed at the general public[citation needed].

As of 2012, Heyerdahl’s Odin hypothesis has yet to become validated archaeologist by any historian or linguist.
Other projects

Heyerdahl also investigated the mounds found on the Maldive Islands within the Indian Ocean. There, he identified solar-oriented foundations and courtyards, along with statues with elongated earlobes. Heyerdahl believed that these finds match his theory of a seafaring world which launched the countries of Easter Island and historic South America or started in what is now Sri Lanka, colonized the Maldives, and inspired. His discoveries are detailed in his book, “The Maldive Mystery.”

In 1991 he announced that they weren’t random rock heaps but pyramids and studied the Pyramids of Güímar on Tenerife. On the basis of the discovery produced by the astrophysicists Aparicio, Belmonte and Esteban, in the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias the “pyramids” were astronomically driven and being convinced they were of historical origin, he stated the ancient people who developed them were probably sun worshipers. Heyerdahl advanced a theory in accordance with that the Canaries had been basics of ancient transport between America and the Mediterranean.

Heyerdahl was an active figure in Green politics. He was the person of awards and numerous medals. He received 11 honorary doctorates from colleges within Europe and the Americas.
Thor Heyerdahl’s tomb at Colla Micheri

In future years, Heyerdahl was a part of archaeological projects and a great many other expeditions. He kept most commonly known for his boat building, and for his emphasis on cultural diffusionism. He died from the brain tumor. After obtaining the diagnosis he prepared for dying by refusing to eat or get medication.[38] The Norwegian government granted Heyerdahl the respect of the state burial in the Oslo Cathedral on April 26, 2002. His cremated remains lie in Colla Micheri inside the backyard of the property of his family.
Quotation on borders close to the KonTiki public in Oslo

Heyerdahl’s trips found the general public imagination and were amazing. Although much of his work remains unaccepted within the scientific community, public interest increased in ancient history and anthropology. He also revealed that long distance ocean voyages were possible with old designs. Therefore, he was a significant doctor of experimental archaeology. He introduced the grounds of archaeology and ethnology and readers of all ages.

From Peru William Willis sailed alone in 1954 to American Samoa about the tiny number Seven Little Sisters.

Kantuta Expeditions, repeated expeditions of Kon Tiki by Eduard Ingris.

Heyerdahl’s grandson, Olav Heyerdahl, retraced his grandmother’s Kon-Tiki voyage within a six in 2006 -member team. The journey, prepared by Torgeir Higraff and named the Tangaroa Expedition,[39] was intended as a tribute to Heyerdahl, an effort to better understand navigation via centerboards (“guara[40]”) in addition to a means to check the Pacific Ocean’s environment.

A book concerning the Tangaroa Expedition[41] by Torgeir Higraff was published in 2007. The book has numerous photographs in the Kon Tiki travel 60 years earlier and it is illustrated with pictures by Tangaroa team member Anders Berg (Oslo: Bazar Forlag, 2007). “Tangaroa Trip” has also been generated as being a documentary DVD in Swedish, Norwegian, English and Spanish.

The Thor Heyerdahl Institute was founded in 2000. Heyerdahl himself consented to the institute’s beginning and proceed to develop rules and Heyerdahl’s ideas and it aims to promote. The company is located in Heyerdahl’s birth city in Larvik, Norway.

In 2007, the municipality started a project in Larvik, the birthplace of Heyerdahl to attract more visitors. Since then, they have purchased and renovated Heyerdahl’s childhood home, organized a yearly raft regatta at the end of summer in his honor and begun to produce a Heyerdahl centre.[42]

Paul Theroux, in his book Oceania’s Happy Isles, criticizes for trying to link the culture of Polynesian countries together with the Peruvian culture, Heyerdahl. However, current scientific study that examines the genetics of several of the Polynesian islands with people from Peru implies that there is some merit to Heyerdahl’s tips which while Polynesia was colonized from Asia, some connection with South America also existed.[23][24]

An unbiased British school in Dubai, Dubai College, named one of the homes Heyerdahl of the institution. Other school-house titles for Dubai Faculty include Barbarossa, Chichester and Cousteau, all surnames of famous explorers.

By creating a Google Doodle Google honored Heyerdahl on his 100th birthday. [43]

Decorations and honorary degrees
Tenerife, Güímar.

Asteroid 2473 Heyerdahl is called after him, as are HNoMS Thor Heyerdahl, a Norwegian Nansen class frigate, in addition to MS Thor Heyerdahl (now renamed MS Vana Tallinn) and Thor Heyerdahl, a German three-masted sail training boat originally owned with a person of the Tigris expedition. The town of his birth, Thor Heyerdahl Upper Secondary School in Larvik, can be named after him.

Heyerdahl’s numerous awards and honors are the following:
Governmental and state honors

Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Purchase of St Olav (1987) (Leader with Celebrity: 1970; Leader: 1951)[44] Grand Cross of the Purchase of Benefit of Peru (1953)[44] Grand Officer of the Order of Advantage of the Italian Republic (21 June 1965)[44][45] Knight in the Purchase of Saint John of Jerusalem[46] Knight of the Order of Benefit, Egypt (1971)[44] Grand Officer of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite (Morocco; 1971)
Officer, Order of the Sun (Peru) (1975) and Knight Grand Cross
International Pahlavi Environment Prize, United Nations (1978)[44] Knight of the Order of the Golden Ark, Netherlands (1980)[44] Commander, American Knights of Malta (1970)[44] Austrian Decoration for Science and Craft (2000)[48] The Medal of St. Hallvard

Academic honors

Retzius Medal, Royal Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography (1950)[44] Mungo Park Medal, Royal Scottish Society for Geography (1951)[44] Bush Kent Kane Gold Medal, Geographical Society of Philadelphia (1952)[44] Honorary Member, Geographical Groups of Norway (1953), Peru (1953), Brazil (1954)[44] Elected Member Norwegian Academy of Sciences (1958)[44] Fellow, New York Academy of Sciences (1960)[44] Vega Gold Medal, Swedish Society for Anthropology and Landscape (1962)[44] Lomonosov Medal, Moscow State University (1962)[44] Gold Medal, Royal Geographical Society, London (1964)[44] Member American Anthropological Association (1966)[44] Kiril i Metodi Honor, Geographical Society, Bulgaria (1972)[44] Bradford Washburn Award, Public of Science, Boston, USA, (1982)[44] President’s Medal, Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, USA (1996)[44] Honorary degrees

Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Oslo, Norway (1961)[44] Doctor Honoris Causa, USSR Academy of Research (1980)[44] Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Havana, Cuba (1992)[44] Books

På Jakt efter Paradiset (Hunt for Paradise), 1938; Fatu-Hiva: Back to Nature (changed name in Language in 1974).
The Kon-Tiki Expedition: By Number Across the South Seas (Kon-Tiki ekspedisjonen, also called Kon-Tiki: Over The Pacific in a Raft), 1948.
American Indians within the Pacific: The Idea Behind the Kon-Tiki Expedition (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1952), 821 pages.
Aku-Aku: The Trick of Easter Island ISBN 0-14-001454-3
Man and the Ocean: the Start Of Seaborn and Navigation Cultures
The Tigris Expedition: Seeking Our Beginnings
The Maldive Mystery
Green Was Our Planet around the Seventh Day: Memories and Trips of the Lifetime
Pyramids of Tucume: The search for Peru’s Forgotten City
Inside the Footsteps of Adam: A Memoir (the official model is Abacus, 2001, interpreted by Ingrid Christophersen) ISBN 0-349-11273-8
Ingen grenser (No Limits, Norwegian only), 1999[50] Jakten på Odin (Ideas about Odin, Norwegian only), 2001


1914 births
2002 deaths
People from Larvik
Norwegian Military personnel of World War II
Norwegian documentary filmmakers
Norwegian explorers
Norwegian scientists
Norwegian historians
Pre-Columbian transoceanic contact
Reed boats
Replications of ancient voyages
Deaths from brain tumor
Cancer deaths in Italy
Members of Research and Letters of the Norwegian Academy
Norwegian ethnographers
Knights Grand Cross of St. Olav’s Purchase
Grand Officers of Merit of the Italian Republic’s Purchase
Grand Officers of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite (Morocco)
Grand Cross of the Order of Sunlight (Peru)
Users of the Austrian Decoration for Science and Art
People of the Medal of St. Hallvard
People of the Order of Value (Egypt)
Knights of the Order of St John
Thor Heyerdahl

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