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Thor Heyerdahl Author, Educational, Archaeologist, Explorer (1914–2002)

Thor Heyerdahl Author, Educational, Archaeologist, Explorer (1914–2002)

Thor Heyerdahl became significant for his Kon Tiki expedition in 1947, where he sailed 8,000 km (5,000 mi) across the Pacific Ocean in a hand-built raft from South America for the Tuamotu Islands. The trip was designed to show that ancient people could have built long ocean trips, creating connections between individual cultures. This was associated with a diffusionist type of cultural development. Other expeditions built to display the likelihood of contact between widely separated old people were eventually made by Heyerdahl. He was hired a government scholar in 1984.

ThorHeyerdahl,Thor Heyerdahl

Thor Heyerdahl

In May 2011, the Thor Heyerdahl Records were included with UNESCO’s “Memory of the Entire World” Register.[1] At the time, this list included 238 choices from all over the world.[2] The Heyerdahl Records cover the years 1937 to 2002 and can include his final collection, diaries, private words, journey plans, articles, newspaper clippings, unique book, and article manuscripts. The Heyerdahl Archives are used from the Kon Tiki Museum and Norway’s National Library in Oslo.

Writer, Educational, Archaeologist, Explorer (1914–2002)

Name
Thor Heyerdahl

Occupation
Academic, author, Archaeologist, Explorer

Birthdate
October 6, 1914

Death Date
2002, April 18

Education
Oslo University

Place of Birth
Larvik, Norway

Location of Death
Synopsis
Early Life and Adventures
Voyage of Kon-Tiki
Later Trips
Final Years
Norwegian adventurer Thor Heyerdahl built a famed trip aboard a raft named Kon-Tiki in 1947, and later wrote a worldwide best seller about his amazing journey.
“We appear to believe that the water is endless, but we utilize it just like a sewer.”
—Thor Heyerdahl

Born in 1914, Thor Heyerdahl grew up in Norway. He visited Oslo University. In 1936, Heyerdahl went to go on the Pacific area of Fatu Hiva. He made his world-renowned trip from Peru to French Polynesia aboard the Kon-Tiki in 1947. His book about this experience became an international hit. In 1953, Heyerdahl led an archaeological expedition to the Galapagos Islands. Two years later, he traveled to Easter Island. In his old age, Heyerdahl excavated pyramids in Peru and the Canary Islands.

Born in Larvik, Norway, on October 6, 1914, Thor Heyerdahl was archaeologist and an important adventurer. He was the only child of the brewery and spring water plant president and a museum director. He sought out “on hikes having a Greenland dog, resting inside the ideal merely to confirm that I can do things and enduring storms.”

“My mother brought me up on Darwin and progress instead of Norwegian fairy tales,” he once discussed, according to the Washington Post. Within the Pacific, Heyerdahl traveled to the area of Fatu Hiva, area of the Marquesan archipelago, in 1936. He was followed by his first wife, along with the couple spent a year learning animals and the ancient plants and living off the territory. He started more considering social anthropology than zoology although there.

During World War II, Heyerdahl supported like a parachutist within the Free Norwegian military team. He offered after the battle to social anthropology, seeking to demonstrate that folks of Polynesia had ancestral ties for the ancient Peruvians. This principle went against all existing scientific thought during the time, which held the islands were used by folks from South Asia.

Heyerdahl enlisted five friends to participate him on a fantastic journey, to prove his idea. He created Kon-Tiki, an about 40-foot log number out of balsa wood, similar to those used in ancient times. On April 28, 1947, Heyerdahl and his crew departed Callao, Peru. They spent 101 days at sea, ultimately crashing onto the coast of an uninhabited atoll near Tahiti. Throughout their hazardous trip, Heyerdahl and his team experienced even interested whales, sharks and rough waters while protecting approximately 4,300 miles.

Heyerdahl, a skilled storyteller wrote about his experiences inside the best-selling book Kon Tiki. The task was a worldwide strike and was converted into 65 languages. Though hugely favored by the general public, Heyerdahl found himself from your medical community for his journey under fire. It was widely felt that Heyerdahl’s marine journey did little to verify his claims about the cultural ancestry of Polynesia.
There, he discovered pottery that linked Peruvian Indian cultures and early Ecuadorian and the countries. 2 yrs later, Heyerdahl led one of the first scientific explorations of Easter Island, where he’d discover proof possible South American connections. This journey became the premise for the 1958 book The Key of Easter Island.

Returning to the sea, Heyerdahl tried to confirm that the ancient Egyptians may have sailed for the Americas. He designed the ship Ra—named after the Egyptian sun god—out of papyrus reed for his first attempt in 1969. Though that work failed, he was able to make it the following year for the Bahamas in Ra II from Morocco.

Around the Tucume pyramid complex, Heyerdahl focused his focus in the late 1980s. He again resolved pyramid excavation inside the 1990s inside the Canary Islands, about the Spanish island of Tenerife. The step pyramids he discovered today make-up the Chacona Pyramid Ethnological Park there.

Among Heyerdahl’s final tasks explored the theory that the Norse god Odin was, actually, an actual ruler. He backed an effort to locate data to aid his theory through archaeological research in southern Russia, and subsequently published The search for Odin (2001).

Heyerdahl underwent surgery for cancer within his treatment, that same year. The operation failed to end the spread of the condition. By the following March, he was within the hospital and battling brain cancer. Heyerdahl died at his property in Colla Micheri, Italy, on April 18, 2002. He was 87 years old.

Heyerdahl was considered a leading figure in his native Norway, although he never received accolades from his medical friends. He also became a global folk hero for his many adventures.

Thor Heyerdahl 100th birthday: Google Doodle remembers explorer who headed the Kon-Tiki expedition

Norwegian ethnographer and explorer was born in 1914 October on 6.

Google has applied its latest animated webpage doodle to observe Norwegian ethnographer explorer Thor Heyerdahl’s life, most commonly known for leading the Kon-Tiki expedition of 1947, who was born with this morning in 1914.

People found it difficult to think that such ranges could possibly be covered using such basic vessels.

Google Doodles

The doodle also shows a moai, one of the huge sculptures found on Rapa Nui. He was eager to verify the area were resolved from the east as opposed to the west. DNA testing has not mostly copied Heyerdahl’s ideas.

He struggled with the Free Norwegian Forces during the Second World War, following a Nazi occupation of the nation. He married 3 x, and died in 2002.

Heyerdahl’s expeditions made him one of the most renowned anthropologists on the planet, creating several books that became enormous-retailers, and building a 1951 documentary film about the Kon Tiki expedition, which went on get an Academy Award. The story was modified again in 2012, that was the region’s priciest and highest-grossing movie in to a feature film in Norway.
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Youth and personal life

Heyerdahl was born in Larvik, Norway, the son of master brewer Thor Heyerdahl and his wife, Alison Lyng. Being a youngster, Heyerdahl revealed a solid interest in zoology. He created a tiny public in his childhood home, using a common adder (Vipera berus) because the main attraction. He studied zoology and location in the university of biological science in the University of Oslo.[3] in The same period, he independently examined Polynesian culture and background, consulting that which was then the world’s largest private assortment of books and forms on Polynesia, held by Bjarne Kropelien, a prosperous wine merchant in Oslo. (This collection was later obtained by the University of Oslo Collection from Kropelien’s beneficiaries and was attached with the Kon-Tiki Public research team.) After eight conditions and meetings with professionals in Berlin, a task paid and was created by Heyerdahl’s zoology professors, Hjalmar Broch and Kristine Bonnevie. Review how the local animals had found their way there and he was to go to some isolated Pacific island groups.

Right before sailing together to the Marquesas Islands in 1936, Heyerdahl committed his first wife, Liv Coucheron-Torp (1916–1969), whom he had achieved briefly before enrolling at the school, and who’d studied economics there. The pair had two daughters; Bjørn and Thor Jr. The marriage ended in divorce.

After the Career of Norway by Nazi Germany he served using the Free Norwegian Forces inside the far north province of Finnmark.[4][5], from 1944

In 1949 Heyerdahl married Yvonne Dedekam-Simonsen (1924–2006). They’d three kids: Marian Annette and Helene Elisabeth. They were divorced in 1969. Heyerdahl charged his being for their separation abroad and differences within their suggestions for bringing children up. In his autobiography, he concluded that he must get the complete fault because of their separation.[6]

They were quite actively associated until his death in Túcume, Peru, and Azov with historical projects, particularly in 2002 and lived in Tenerife, Canary Islands. Before he died. he still have been wanting to attempt a historical project in Samoa [7]

Heyerdahl died on April 18, 2002, in Colla Micheri, Liguria, Italy, where he’d attended spend the Easter holidays with a few of his closest family members. The Norwegian government gave him a situation burial in Oslo Cathedral on April 26, 2002. He is buried within the backyard of the household property in Colla Micheri.[8] Fatu Hiva

The activities surrounding his remain on the Marquesas, the majority of the time on Fatu Hiva, were advised initially in his book På Jakt etter Paradiset (search for Heaven) (1938), which was released in Norway but, following the outbreak of World War II, never converted and largely ignored. Many years later, having achieved notability with other ventures and guides on different topics, Heyerdahl published a new account of this journey under the name Fatu Hiva (London: Allen & Unwin, 1974). The story of his time-on Fatu Hiva and his side-trip to Hivaoa and Mohotani is also connected in Green Was the Earth around the Seventh Day (Random House, 1996).
Kon-Tiki expedition
Main article: Kon-Tiki

From Peru, Heyerdahl and five other adventurers sailed in 1947 for the Tuamotus, French Polynesia, in a pae-pae raft they made out of balsa wood along with other local products, and christened the Kon-Tiki. The Kon-Tiki expedition was influenced paintings and by old reviews created by the Spanish Conquistadors of Inca rafts, and by indigenous legends and archaeological evidence indicating contact between South America and Polynesia. Heyerdahl, who had almost drowned at the least twice in youth and did not take quickly to water, said that there were times in all of his number expeditions when he feared for his life.[10]

Kon-Tiki confirmed that it had been possible for a primitive raft to cruise the Pacific with relative simplicity and protection, particularly to the west (together with the trade winds). The raft turned out to be very maneuverable, and fish congregated involving the seven balsa logs such amounts that old sailors could have probably counted on fish for moisture inside the lack of other sources of fresh water. Inspired by Kon Tiki, other rafts have repeated the trip. Heyerdahl’s book regarding the expedition, The Kon-Tiki Expedition: By Raft Over The South Seas, has been converted into 70 languages.[11] The documentary film of the expedition entitled Kon-Tiki, gained an Academy Award in 1951. A dramatised version was released in 2012, also known as Kon-Tiki, and was chosen for both Best Spanish Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards[12] plus a Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film in the 70th Golden Globe Awards.[13] It is the first time a Norwegian film has been chosen for both an Oscar along with a Wonderful Globe.[14]

Anthropologists continue to believe, depending on linguistic, real, and genetic research, that Polynesia was satisfied from west to east, migration having started in the Asian mainland. There are dubious signals, though, of some kind of South American/Polynesian contact, especially in the fact that the South American sweet potato is served as being a dietary staple throughout much of Polynesia. [18] Heyerdahl attempted to counter the linguistic discussion with the analogy that, wondering the foundation of African-Americans, he’d choose to believe that they originated from Africa, judging from their skin colour, and never from England, judging from their speech.
Heyerdahl claimed that in Incan legend there is a sun-god called Con-Tici Viracocha who had been the supreme head of the legendary fair-skinned people in Peru. The first title for Viracocha was Kon- Tiki or Illa -Tiki, which suggests Sunshine- Tiki or Flame -Tiki. Kon-Tiki was high priest and sun -master of those legendary “white males” who left enormous damages on the shores of Lake Titicaca. The story continues with all the strange bearded white guys being attacked with a key called Cari who came from the Coquimbo Area. They had a fight on an area in Lake Titicaca, as well as the fair competition was massacred. However, Kon Tiki and his closest companions was able to escape and later appeared to the Pacific coast. The story ends with Kon-Tiki and his buddies disappearing westward out to sea.

Once the Spaniards found Peru, Heyerdahl asserted, the Incas told them the colossal monuments that stood deserted in regards to the scenery were erected with a race of bright gods who had lived there ahead of the Incas themselves became rulers. The Incas described these “white gods” as intelligent, calm instructors who’d initially result from the north in the “day of time” and taught the Incas’ primitive forebears structure in addition to manners and practices. They were unlike other Native Americans in that they had ” long beards and white cases ” and were higher than the Incas. The Incas said that the “white gods” had subsequently left as suddenly because they had come and fled westward over the Pacific. When they had left, the Incas themselves took over power in the country.

Heyerdahl stated that if the Europeans first came to the Pacific countries, these were shocked that they discovered several of the natives to get relatively light skins and beards. There were full people that had hair diverse in color to crazy from red, soft skin. In comparison, all the Polynesians had golden-brown skin, raven-black hair, and fairly flat noses. Heyerdahl said that when Jakob Roggeveen first found Easter Island in 1722, he allegedly noticed that lots of the locals were white-skinned. Heyerdahl said that these people may count their ancestors have been “white-skinned” right-back towards the moment of Tiki and Hotu Matua, once they first came sailing throughout the beach “from a mountainous land inside the east that was scorched from the sun.” The ethnographic evidence for these claims is defined in Heyerdahl’s book Aku Aku: Easter Island’s Key.

They allegedly sailed to the Polynesian islands on pae from Peru – each with a small cottage, detailed with sails and paes—large rafts designed from balsa logs. They built the Marquesas, great stone sculptures created inside the impression of human beings on Pitcairn, and Easter Island that resembled those in Peru. Additionally they developed massive pyramids with actions like those in Peru on Tahiti and Samoa. But throughout Polynesia, Heyerdahl found signs that the peaceable race of Tiki had not been able to carry the countries for long. He discovered evidence that recommended that seagoing war lashed together two and two and canoes as significant as Viking vessels had added Stone Age Northwest American Indians to Polynesia around 1100 AD, and they mingled with Tiki’s people. The oral history of the folks of Easter Island, at least since it was recorded by Heyerdahl, is totally consistent with this particular principle, as could be the historical record he analyzed (Heyerdahl 1958). Specifically, Heyerdahl purchased a radiocarbon date of 400 ADVERTISING for a charcoal fire located in the gap which was held from the folks of Easter Island to have already been used as an “range” by the “Long Ears,” which Heyerdahl’s Rapa Nui solutions, reciting oral history, defined as a white race which had led the area in the past (Heyerdahl 1958).

Heyerdahl further argued in his book American Indians within the Pacific via an alternative route, although that the current residents of Polynesia transformed from an Asian source. He suggests that Polynesians travelled along the North Pacific present together with the breeze. These migrants then arrived in British Columbia. Heyerdahl called contemporary tribes of British Columbia, such as Haida and the Tlingit, descendants of these migrants. Heyerdahl said that physical and cultural characteristics existed between these British Columbian tribes, Polynesians, and the Old World supplier.

Heyerdahl’s idea of Polynesian roots have not gained acceptance among anthropologists.[19][20][21] Real and cultural data had long recommended that Polynesia was completed from west migration, to east having started from your Asian mainland, not South America. While in the late 1990s, genetic testing found that the mitochondrial DNA of the Polynesians is more much like folks from south Asia than to people from South America, demonstrating that their ancestors most likely came from Asia.[22]

A recent study by Norwegian researcher Erik Thorsby shows that there is some merit to Heyerdahl’s ideas which while Polynesia was colonized from Asia, some contact with South America also existed.[23][24] Some experts suggest, however, that Thorsby’s study is pending because his knowledge may have been affected by current population contact.[25]

Anthropologist Robert Carl Suggs included a section titled “The Kon-Tiki Fantasy” in his book on Polynesia, figuring that “The Kon-Tiki concept is approximately as plausible as the stories of Atlantis, Mu, and ‘Kids of the Sun.’ Similar to such theories it creates exciting light reading, but for example of scientific method it lasts really poorly.”[26]

Anthropologist and National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Wade Davis also criticised Heyerdahl’s concept in his book The Wayfinders, which examines the history of Polynesia. Davis says that Heyerdahl “dismissed the overwhelming body of linguistic, ethnographic, and ethnobotanical research, enhanced today by historical and genetic information, indicating that he was “[27] Journey to Rapa Nui (Easter Island)

In 1955–1956, Heyerdahl organized the Norwegian Archaeological Expedition to Rapa Nui (Easter Island). The trip’s scientific staff included Carlyle Smith, Arne Skjølsvold, Edwin Ferdon, Gonzalo Figueroa[28] and William Mulloy. The professional archaeologists who visited with him and Heyerdahl spent almost a year on Rapa Nui investigating several important archaeological sites. Features of the project include transport and erection experiments in the carving of the significant moai, in addition to excavations at such notable websites as Orongo and Poike. Heyerdahl’s popular book about them, Aku-Aku was another international best-seller.

In Easter Island: The Mystery Solved (Random House, 1989), Heyerdahl presented a far more comprehensive theory of the island’s history. Based on local account and archaeological investigation, he believed the island was formerly colonized by Hanau eepe (“Long Ears”), from South America, and that Polynesians Hanau momoko (“Short Ears”) appeared just inside the middle-16th century; they may came alone or simply were imported as employees. In accordance with Heyerdahl, something occurred between Admiral Roggeveen’s finding of the area in 1722 and James Cook’s visit in 1774; while Roggeveen experienced bright, Indian, and Polynesian people living in general harmony and success, Cook experienced a much smaller population consisting largely of Polynesians and living in privation.

Heyerdahl notes the oral history of an uprising of “Short Ears” contrary to the judgment “Long Ears.” The “Long Ears” packed it with kindling and finished a defensive moat to the eastern end of the island. This moat was found from the Norwegian adventure also it was partly decrease into the rock. Levels of fire was revealed but no pieces of systems. As for the beginning of individuals of Easter Island today (2013) DNA-tests demonstrate a complete contract with individuals from the Pacific and no link with South America. When the history that every one (almost) long-ears were killed in a civil war, this is what to be expected if their blood-line was completely destroyed. Recent (2006?) test has shown traces to South America from some proteins, but whether this is learned from a person arriving later times is hard to know.
Boats Ra and Ra II
Ra II within the Kon Tiki Museum

In 1969 and 1970, Heyerdahl built two boats from papyrus and attempted to mix the Atlantic Ocean from Morocco in Africa. Depending on pictures and types from ancient Egypt, the primary ship, called Ra (after the Egyptian Sun god), was made by boat builders from Lake Chad using papyrus reed obtained from Lake Tana in Ethiopia and introduced in to the Atlantic Ocean from the coast of Morocco. Only Baker and Heyerdahl experienced sailing and navigation activities. After a number of days, Ra got on water after its crew made adjustments for the vessel that caused it to sag and split apart after sailing a lot more than 4000 miles. a boat was compelled to abandon Ra some hundred miles before Caribbean countries and preserved the staff.

These year, 1970, another similar vessel, Ra II, was constructed of totora by Demetrio, Juan and Jose Limachi from Lake Titicaca in Bolivia and likewise set sail over the Atlantic from Morocco, now with great success. The team was largely the identical; only Djibrine have been replaced Madani Ait Ouhanni from Morocco and by Kei Ohara from Japan. The vessel reached Barbados, thus showing that mariners could have dealt with transatlantic voyages by sailing together with the Canary Current.[29]

The book The Ra Expeditions along with the film documentary Ra (1972) were made regarding the voyages. Independent of the main aspects of the trip, Heyerdahl deliberately picked a staff representing a fantastic range in competition, nationality, faith and political standpoint as a way to demonstrate that at the least independently little floating island, people live and may cooperate peacefully. Furthermore, the trip took samples of marine pollution and presented their record for the United Nations.[30] Tigris
Type of the Tigris at the Pyramids of Güímar, Tenerife.

Heyerdahl built another reed boat, Tigris, that was designed to demonstrate that migration and industry may have connected Mesopotamia with all the Indus Valley Culture in what is now Pakistan. Tigris was built in Iraq and sailed through the Persian Gulf with its international crew to Pakistan and built its way to the Red Sea. After about five weeks at sea and still remaining seaworthy, the Tigris was intentionally burned in Djibouti, on April 3, 1978, as being a demonstration from the battles raging on Horn of Africa and every part in Debt Sea. In his Open Letter to the UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim, he explained his reasons:[31]

We burn our proud ship today… to protest against inhuman aspects in the world of 1978… Now we are required to stop in the access to the Red Sea. Surrounded by military planes and warships from the world’s most civilized and developed countries, friendly governments have refused us permission, for reasons of security, to land anywhere, in the still simple, and little, Republic of Djibouti. Elsewhere around us, siblings and neighbors are involved in murder with means made available to them by those that guide humanity on our joint road to the next century.

To the simple people in all developed countries, we direct our appeal. We should get up towards the ridiculous reality of our time… We’re all not responsible, unless we demand from your sensible decision makers that modern armaments must nolonger be made available to people whose previous battle swords and axes our ancestors condemned.
Our world is bigger than the reed bundles which have taken us over the oceans, yet small enough to perform the same dangers until those of us still living available our eyes and heads towards the desperate need of intelligent effort to preserve ourselves and our common civilization from what we are planning to change into a sinking ship.

Within the years that followed, Heyerdahl was generally outspoken on issues of global peace and the environment. The Tigris was crewed by eleven men: Thor Heyerdahl (Norway), Norman Baker (USA), Carlo Mauri (Italy), Yuri Senkevich (USSR), Germán Carrasco (Mexico), Hans Petter Bohn (Norway), Rashad Nazar Salim (Iraq), Norris Brock (USA), Toru Suzuki (Japan), Detlef Zoltze (Germany), and Asbjørn Damhus (Denmark).
“The look for Odin” in Azerbaijan and Russia

Heyerdahl made four trips to Azerbaijan in 1981,[32] 1994, 1999 and 2000.[33] Heyerdahl had been fascinated with the stone carvings that time back to about 8th-7th millennia BCE at Gobustan (about 30 miles west of Baku). He was sure that their artistic design closely resembles the carvings found in his native Norway. Heyerdahl equivalent, in particular, regarded the ship models and pulled with vertical lines on deck, illustrating staff, addressing the bottom of the ship, using a simple sickle–shaped lines or, maybe, raised oars.

According to this and other published documentation, Heyerdahl proposed that Azerbaijan was the site of an old advanced civilization. He assumed residents migrated north through pathways to present-day Scandinavia using ingeniously constructed ships manufactured from skins that may be folded like material. Their skin boats easily folded and transported them via pack animals while upstream traveled.

On Heyerdahl’s trip to Baku in 1999, he lectured in the Academy of Sciences regarding the record of ancient Nordic Kings. He spoke of a notation made by Snorri Sturluson, a 13th century historian-mythographer in Ynglinga Saga which relates that “Odin (a Scandinavian god who had been among the kings) found the North with his folks from a nation called Aser.”[34] (see also House of Ynglings and Mythological kings of Sweden). Heyerdahl assumed a chieftain led his people in a migration from the east, northward through Saxony, to Fyn in Denmark, and eventually settling in Sweden and westward, and accepted the narrative of Snorri as literal truth. Heyerdahl stated that the mythic Aser or Æsir’s geographical area matched the location of contemporary Azerbaijan – “east of the Caucasus mountains as well as the Black Sea”. “We’re no more referring to mythology,” Heyerdahl said, “but of the realities of history and geography. Azerbaijanis must be pleased with their ancient tradition. It’s equally as rich and ancient as that of Mesopotamia and China.”

Among the last projects of his life, Jakten på Odin, ‘The Search for Odin’, was a sudden modification of his Odin speculation, in furtherance that he initiated 2001–2002 excavations in Azov, Russia, near the Sea of Azov in the northeast of the Dark Sea.[35] He searched for the remains of a culture to fit the bill of Odin in Snorri Sturlusson, a lot north of his original target of Azerbaijan around the Caspian Sea just two years earlier. This project made allegations and harsh criticism of pseudo-science from archaeologists historians and linguists in Norway, who accused a simple insufficient scientific system, plus Heyerdahl of selective utilization of options in his work.[36][37]

His fundamental claims were according to similarities of titles in Norse mythology and geographic names within the Black Sea region, e.g. Azov and Æsir, Odin and Udi, Tyr and Turkey. Philologists and historians reject these parallels as mere coincidences, as well as anachronisms, for instance the city of Azov did not have that name until over 1000 years after Heyerdahl claims the Æsir dwelt there. The controversy surrounding the Search for Odin project was in many ways typical of the relationship between Heyerdahl and the academic community. His theories seldom gained any medical endorsement, while Heyerdahl himself refused all scientific criticism and concentrated on publishing his practices in popular books directed at the general public[citation needed].

As of 2012, Heyerdahl’s Odin hypothesis has to become confirmed archaeologist by any historian or linguist.
Other projects

Heyerdahl also examined the piles found on the Maldive Islands within the Indian Ocean. There, he identified solar-oriented foundations and courtyards, along with sculptures with elongated earlobes. Heyerdahl believed that these finds fit with his theory of a seafaring world which originated in what is now Sri Lanka, colonized the Maldives, and inspired or started the countries of Easter Island and ancient South America. His discoveries are detailed in his book, “The Maldive Mystery.”

In 1991 he stated which they were not random stone heaps but pyramids and learned the Pyramids of Güímar on Tenerife. On the basis of the development made by the astrophysicists Aparicio, Belmonte and Esteban, from your Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias the “pyramids” were astronomically driven and being convinced that they were of ancient origin, he believed the old individuals who developed them were almost certainly sun worshipers. A theory advanced according to which the Canaries had been basics of historical delivery between America and the Mediterranean.

Heyerdahl was an energetic amount in Green politics. He was the person of awards and various medals. He also received 11 honorary doctorates from universities in Europe and the Americas.
Death
With many other trips and archaeological projects, Heyerdahl was involved in future years. He stayed best-known for his boatbuilding, as well as for his focus on cultural diffusionism. He died, aged 87, from a brain cancer. After obtaining the analysis he prepared for dying by refusing to eat or take medication.[38] The Norwegian government granted Heyerdahl the respect of the state burial within the Oslo Cathedral on April 26, 2002. His cremated remains lie in Colla Micheri in the backyard of the residence of his family.
History
Quote on borders close to the KonTiki gallery in Oslo

Heyerdahl’s trips caught the public imagination and were stunning. While a lot of his work remains unaccepted within the medical community, public interest increased in ancient history and anthropology. He also confirmed that long distance sea voyages were possible with ancient designs. Therefore, he was a major specialist of experimental archaeology. He introduced readers of ages for the fields of archaeology and ethnology.

In 1954 William Willis sailed alone to American Samoa on the tiny number Seven Little Sisters from Peru.

Kantuta Trips, repeated expeditions of Kon-Tiki by Eduard Ingris.

Olav Heyerdahl, Heyerdahl’s grandson, retraced his grandfather’s Kon-Tiki travel within a six in 2006 -member crew. The travel, organized by Torgeir Higraff and named the Tangaroa Adventure,[39] was intended as being a tribute to Heyerdahl, an effort to better understand navigation via centerboards (“guara[40]”) as well as a way to check the Pacific Ocean’s environment.

A guide about the Tangaroa Journey[41] by Torgeir Higraff was published in 2007. The book has numerous photographs from the Kon Tiki voyage 60 years earlier and it is illustrated with pictures by Tangaroa crew member Anders Berg (Oslo: Bazar Forlag, 2007). “Tangaroa Trip” in addition has been produced as a documentary DVD in English, Norwegian, Swedish and Spanish.

The Thor Heyerdahl Institute was established in 2000. Himself agreed to the institute’s beginning plus it aims to market and continue to develop Heyerdahl’s ideas and rules. The institute is found in Heyerdahl’s birth village in Larvik, Norway.

The birthplace of Heyerdahl, in Larvik, the municipality began a task in 2007 to attract more visitors. Since then, they organized, have obtained and renovated Heyerdahl’s childhood home a yearly host regatta at the conclusion of summer in his honor and begun to develop a Heyerdahl centre.[42]

Paul Theroux, in his book Oceania’s Happy Isles, criticizes for attempting to link the culture of Polynesian islands together with the Peruvian culture, Heyerdahl. However, new clinical analysis that examines the DNA of a number of the Polynesian islands with natives from Peru suggests that there is some merit to Heyerdahl’s suggestions which while Polynesia was colonized from Asia, some connection with South America also existed.[23][24]

An unbiased English school in Dubai, Dubai College, called one of many institution’s properties Heyerdahl. Additional schoolhouse labels for Dubai School include all surnames of famous people, Cousteau, Chichester and Barbarossa.

By making a Google Doodle Google honored Heyerdahl on his 100th birthday. [43]

Accessories and honorary degrees
Bust of Thor Heyerdahl. Güímar, Tenerife.

Town of his birth, Thor Heyerdahl Upper Secondary School in Larvik, can also be named after him.

Heyerdahl’s numerous awards and awards include the following:
Governmental and state honors

Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Purchase of St Olav (1987) (Leader with Celebrity: 1970; Leader: 1951)[44] Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of Peru (1953)[44] Grand Officer of the Order of Benefit of the Italian Republic (21 June 1965)[44][45] Knight in the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem[46] Knight of the Purchase of Benefit, Egypt (1971)[44] Grand Officer of the Purchase of Ouissam Alaouite (Morocco; 1971)
Officer, Purchase of Sunlight (Peru) (1975) and Knight Grand Cross
International Pahlavi Environment Prize, Un (1978)[44] Knight of the Purchase of the Golden Ark, Netherlands (1980)[44] Leader, American Knights of Malta (1970)[44] Austrian Design for Science and Artwork (2000)[48] The Medal of St. Hallvard

Academic honors

Retzius Honor, Royal Swedish Society for Anthropology and Landscape (1950)[44] Mungo Park Medal, Royal Scottish Society for Location (1951)[44] Bush Kent Kane Gold Medal, Geographical Society of Philadelphia (1952)[44] Honorary Member, Geographical Communities of Norway (1953), Peru (1953), Brazil (1954)[44] Elected Member Norwegian Academy of Sciences (1958)[44] Other, New York Academy of Sciences (1960)[44] Vega Gold Medal, Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography (1962)[44] Lomonosov Medal, Moscow State University (1962)[44] Distinguished Service Award, Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, Washington, USA (1966)[44] Member American Anthropological Association (1966)[44] Kiril i Metodi Award, Geographical Society, Bulgaria (1972)[44] Honorary Professor, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico (1972)[44] Bradford Washburn Award, Gallery of Technology, Boston, USA, (1982)[44] President’s Medal, Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, USA (1996)[44] Honorary Professorship, Western University, Baku, Azerbaijan (1999)[49]

Honorary degrees

Doctor Honoris Causa, USSR Academy of Technology (1980)[44] Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Havana, Cuba (1992)[44] Books

På Jakt efter Paradiset (search for Paradise), 1938; Fatu-Hiva: Back to Nature (modified name in Language in 1974).
The Kon-Tiki Expedition: By Number Across the South Seas (Kon-Tiki ekspedisjonen, also called Kon-Tiki: Over The Pacific in a Number), 1948.
American Indians within the Pacific: The Idea Behind the Kon Tiki Expedition (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1952), 821 pages.
Aku-Aku: The Trick of Easter Island ISBN 0-14-001454-3
Sea Routes to Polynesia: American Indians and Early Asiatics within the Pacific (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1968), 232 pages.
The Ra Expeditions ISBN 0-14-003462-5.
Man and the Water: the Start Of Seaborn and Navigation People
The Tigris Expedition: Searching For Your Beginnings
The Maldive Mystery
Green Was the Planet Earth to the Seventh Day: Memories and Travels of the Lifetime
Pyramids of Tucume: The search for Peru’s Forgotten City
While in the Actions of Adam: A Memoir (the official model is Abacus, 2001, interpreted by Ingrid Christophersen) ISBN 0-349-11273-8
Ingen grenser (No Limits, Norwegian only), 1999[50] Jakten på Odin (Concepts about Odin, Norwegian only), 2001

References
Heyerdahl, Thor. Aku-Aku: The Trick of Easter Island. Rand McNally. 1958.
Thor, Heyerdahl. Kon-Tiki. 1950.
Heyerdahl, Thor. Fatu Hiva. Penguin. 1976.
Thor, Heyerdahl. Early Man and the Water: A seek out the Beginnings of Navigation and Seaborne Civilizations, February 1979.
Thor, Heyerdahl. Within the Actions of Adam: A Memoir,” converted by Ingrid Christophersen, 2001 (English)
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